[Beowulf] NUMA info request
kyron at neuralbs.com
Mon Mar 24 08:40:19 PDT 2008
NUMA is an acronym meaning Non Uniform Memory Access. This is a
hardware constraint and is not a "performance" switch you turn on. Under
the Linux kernel there is an option that is meant to tell the kernel to
be conscious about that hardware fact and attempt to help it optimize
the way it maps the memory allocation to a task Vs the processor the
given task will be using (processor affinity, check out taskset (in
recent util-linux implementations, ie: 2.13+).
In your specific case, you would have 4Gigs per CPU and would want
to make sure each task (assuming one per CPU) stays on the same CPU all
the time and would want to make sure each task fits within the "local" 4Gig.
Here is a link that should help you out with that respect:
Mark Kosmowski wrote:
> Could someone please provide a website or two for NUMA information?
> I'm about to upgrade the RAM of my cluster and might want to
> experiment with using NUMA to try too eek out a little speed. I am
> definitely more of a cluster end-user than a developer, so NUMA admin
> / usage sites would be preferred to development sites.
> (My background: Chemistry graduate student using plane wave software,
> 3 node dual cpu single-core opteron cluster soon to each have 8 Gb RAM
> on Linux (OpenSUSE 10.2 / 64 bit) with OpenMPI.)
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